Pilot recruitment has been active in recent years, boosted by ever-increasing aviation demand and a global shortage of pilots. The number of people who can take the employment examination for airline pilots is steadily increasing, partly because the aviation medical examination standards have been relaxed compared to before. So what are the routes to becoming an airline pilot? What are the criteria for educational background and application qualifications? Here, I will introduce the basic outline for becoming an airline pilot and the routes for becoming a diversified pilot one by one.
How to become an airline pilot
As the shortage of pilots is often reported in the media, aviation demand has been increasing in recent years, with the establishment of LCCs one after another.
In addition, the number of flights is increasing due to the miniaturization of equipment, and securing pilots is a major proposition especially for mid-sized airlines and LCCs. However, the profession of pilot is not well recognized in Japan, and many people do not know how to work as a pilot on an airline.
In order to play an active role as a pilot in a Japanese airline, it is a major premise to obtain an aircraft pilot license (called a skill certificate), but in order to pilot an aircraft as an airline pilot, the following multiple A license is required.
① Commercial pilot license certificate
② Limited to frequent occurrences
③ Instrument rating
④ Limited model of the model that is on board the airline
In addition to the qualifications of the Civil Aviation Bureau (JCAB) of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism related to the operation of these aircraft, the following qualifications are also required.
⑤ First-class aviation medical examination certificate
⑥ Aviation English proficiency certificate
⑦ Marine radio communication officer
First of all, the qualification of ① is a professional qualification equivalent to a second-class automobile license, and you can fly as a captain on an aircraft that can be operated by one person. (2) Limited to multiple occurrences indicates that the engine can operate two or more aircraft.
③ is not a visual flight, but a qualification for instrument flight, which is the basis of passenger aircraft flight. Instrument flight is a method of flying that relies solely on instruments, and is a must-have for airline pilots who must operate even in poor visibility weather.
In addition, passenger planes operated by airlines require qualifications for each model, and Boeing 737s must obtain Boeing 737 and Airbus A320s must obtain Airbus A320 model restrictions. This qualification is limited to the models that you will be on board after joining the airline, so you do not have to think about it before joining the airline.
⑤ is a qualification for physical examination by the Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism or a designated aviation medical examiner, which is valid for one year (valid for half a year for those over 60 years old), and the first type is a qualification for professionals such as airline pilots, for amateurs. The standards are stricter than the second type. Even if you have a license to fly, you cannot fly an aircraft if you fail this aviation physical examination.
⑥ Aviation English proficiency certificate is from level 1 to level 6. Airlines that also operate international flights are required to obtain Level 4 or higher, and Level 4 is valid for 3 years.
⑦ Marine radio communication officers under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications are qualified to communicate with air traffic controllers via radio. Amateur pilots can fly with a qualification as a aviation special radio engineer, but professional pilots must have a qualification as a higher qualification aviation radio communication engineer. Now, I would like to introduce four courses for becoming an airline pilot. I want you to read from the place you care about.
1. In-house training pilot
2. Graduated from Civil Aviation College and got a job at an airline
3. Obtain a license from a private university and try an airline recruitment test
4. Obtain a license from a private flight school and aim to become an airline pilot
For those who want to know more details, we will explain details such as airline pilots and self-defense forces, Japan Coast Guard pilots, recruitment tests, training contents, etc., and through interviews with active pilots and recruiters, the desired person image Check out “THE PILOT 2020”, a magazine that explores qualifications, qualifications, academic background, and attractiveness of work.